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Increased health risk: Almost every third person is too fat

Increased health risk: Almost every third person is too fat



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Over two billion overweight people: Almost every third person in the world is too fat
More and more people suffer from overweight and obesity. New figures show that around one in three people worldwide is too fat. This has dramatic effects: overweight people have an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer.

Every third person in the world is too fat
According to current OECD figures, an increasing number of overweight people live in Germany. Around seven million patients are treated for obesity in Germany every year. In most other countries in the world, too, the number of people who are too fat is increasing. According to a new study, almost every third person in the world is overweight and therefore has an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer.

The percentage of overweight people has doubled
As the research team reports in the “New England Journal of Medicine”, around 2.2 billion people were overweight in 2015. Over 710 million of them were even obese.

According to the study, the percentage of overweight people doubled between 1980 and 2015 in more than 70 countries.

And in the majority of other countries, too, the number of overweight people has risen steadily. According to the study authors, this increase would have increased the diseases associated with obesity.

Being overweight is a health hazard
Being overweight is a risk factor for numerous lifestyle diseases. Diseases of the vessels and cardiovascular system such as high blood pressure, coronary artery disease or arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) are particularly worth mentioning here.

In addition, obesity increases the risk of joint wear (arthrosis), diabetes, and various cancers such as colon cancer.

"Those who do not pay attention to their weight gain are exposed to dangers and risks," warned Dr. Christopher Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington in a statement.

"The half-hearted New Year's resolutions to reduce weight should be year-round commitments to lose weight and prevent future weight gain," said the study co-author

Almost every fourth person in Germany is obese
IHME lead author Ashkan Afshin said: "Obesity is one of the most difficult health problems today and affects almost every third person."

According to the study, obesity was the cause of four million deaths in 2015. This corresponds to around seven percent of the world's deaths this year. Two thirds of those affected died from cardiovascular diseases.

Egypt has the highest rate of obese adults among the 20 most populous countries in the world. 35 percent of the inhabitants are too fat there. In Bangladesh and Vietnam, the percentage of overweight people is the lowest at one percent.

According to OECD figures, obesity is particularly widespread in the United States, Mexico, New Zealand and Hungary. In all four countries, more than 30 percent of the adult population is obese.

With a share of 23.6 percent (2012), Germany is also in a relatively high range. “Anyone who has a body mass index (BMI) of over 30 is considered obese. With a BMI of 25-30 one speaks of overweight, “explains the OECD.

Reduce weight with more exercise
In order to reduce the health risks, even a minimal weight loss would have significant positive effects.

A high protein diet can help reduce weight.

Experts also recommend that you distinguish good carbohydrates from bad carbohydrates and that you stimulate your metabolism through high hydration and basic foods.

In addition to a healthy, low-calorie and low-fat diet, sport is also very helpful. This not only burns calories, but also dispels the constant hunger, as British researchers reported. (ad)

Author and source information


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